Anywhere you travel in Wisconsin, you will find 'Now Hiring' signs hanging in the windows of restaurants or displayed on a sign or even listed on the menu board next to the daily special.
"I've got an ad in the paper that is reoccurring every time the paper's published that I'm looking for a cook and waitstaff," said Rob Swearingen, who with his wife owns the Al-Gen Dinner Club in Rhinelander.
Swearingen is also a Republican Representative in the state Assembly for the 34th District.
He said the problem started on St. Patrick's Day of 2020.
"So we had the corned beef in the oven," Swearingen said.
That's when Gov. Tony Evers issued the first "Safer at Home" order on March 24 and shut down most of the state in an effort to stop the spread of the coronavirus.
"We had reservations and we were ready to go, and the light switch went off and it stayed off for a long time," explained Swearingen.
The shutdown meant laying off bartenders and wait staff.
When they were allowed to open up in a limited capacity on May 15, 2020, Swearingen found many employees weren't coming back.
"It's been a struggle since then to try to bring the staff up to where we were pre-covid," Swearingen said.
"There is not a sector that I know that isn't scrambling for staff," said Kristine Hillmer, president and CEO of the Wisconsin Restaurant Association.
She said a lot of workers found jobs outside the hospitality industry.
"We've statewide lost about 22% of our workforce, and they went to other industries that were still hiring during the pandemic, specifically health care, manufacturing, retail. And so a lot of those folks are no longer available to come back and work," said Hillmer.
"It's important to remember that we had a people shortage and a labor shortage in the state prior to the pandemic," said Francesca Hong, co-owner at Morris Ramen, a noodle shop in Madison.
She said the reasons for the worker shortage go beyond people switching careers, saying government has not enacted policies that would help people get back in the workforce.
"If there was universal health care, if there was paid sick leave, if there was affordable and accessible, high quality child care," said Hong, "we wouldn't be losing so many women in this industry. "
When Hong's restaurant temporarily closed down, she decided to run for the Assembly as a Democrat.
"We needed a really strong working class voice who not only understood the needs of service industry workers, but those in communities that have always been marginalized," said Hong, who was elected in 2020 and represents the 76th District.
There are a number of restaurant and bar owners in the state Legislature, but like Swearingen, most of them are Republicans.
"The only incentive that some of these people had to get off the couch was to go to the mailbox once a week," said Swearingen.
Evers didn't need legislative approval to accept the extra benefits, and he vetoed a Republican bill that would have ended the program during the summer of 2021.
"I'll pay you $20 an hour. I'll put you up for the week. I'm 10 employees short," said Schraa during a July 27 floor session of the Assembly.
During an attempt to override the veto that day, he said Rep. Hong should support ending the benefits.
"The gentlelady from the 76th, when we were on the floor a couple weeks ago, she actually confessed to me that she had to bus tables because she did not have enough workers," said Schraa during the floor session.
"I didn't confess sh** to you," said Hong in reply.
Hong's response got her mic cut off for a moment.
"It's not a surprise the gentleman from the 53rd is struggling to retain workers. I certainly wouldn't want to work for you. It is an honor to bus tables," Hong said.
"Do you know how many people are actually on pandemic UI right now? 17,459. Out of 3.1 million people in the Wisconsin workforce. That's who you're going after," she added.
"This is political theater," Hong concluded.
Evers' veto was upheld.
Meanwhile, Hong has no regrets about that day.
"If anyone should be attacking work ethic," she said "it's the work ethic of my Republican colleagues."
A Wall Street Journal report showed states that ended the benefits early saw about the same job growth rate over the summer as states that did not.
The extra $300 a week in federal benefits ended in early September.
"Have I had an increase in applications? No. One or two," said Swearingen.
The Wisconsin Restaurant Association supported the move to end the benefits early.
"Do I think that the federal unemployment dollars had an impact on restaurant workers and so on? Absolutely," Hillmer said.
I think it was a factor out of many factors," she added. "Is the elimination of it going to completely take away the trend that we can't find workers? Absolutely not."
Hillmer said a bigger trend is baby boomers retiring and not taking a part time job, and the number of teenagers who don't have time for work.
And of course Wisconsin is still in the middle of a pandemic.
"We know that there's a lot of folks that are concerned about covid and returning to work," said Hillmer.
All of this has led to changes in the industry, but first restaurants need to keep the employees they already have.
"One of my employees came in late tonight. I had some stern words with him — get back to work — as I have nobody to replace him," said Swearingen.
"I think the restaurant community is inherently about caring for one another," said Hong, "and those are the most successful restaurants, are the restaurants that take care of their staff, because that will allow the staff to take care of their customers."